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Location DB > Canada > New Brunswick > Aulac > Fort Beauséjour
Fort Beauséjour
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 Database Info
created by nootz on 6/29/2010 11:41 PM
last modified by nootz on 6/29/2010 11:54 PM
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Historic fortification overlooking the Tantramar Marshes and Cumberland Basin.
 Basic Information
Type: Fortification
Status: Repurposed
Accessibility: Easy
Recommendation: check it out if you're nearby
 Physical Information
111 Fort Beausejour Road
Aulac, New Brunswick
Owner: Parks Canada
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  •  Hazards
     Interesting Features
    Casemates still intact as well as the officers' quarters which is now a museum.
     Security Measures
  • locked gates
  •  Historical Dates
    Built: 1750
    Closed: 1926
     Required Equipment
     Recommended Equipment
    France responded to the construction of Fort Lawrence in November 1750 when the Governor of New France, Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel de la Jonquière, Marquis de la Jonquière, issued new orders that a star-shaped fortress be built on Beauséjour Ridge. Work on the French fortress did not begin until the following spring, but by April 1751 construction was underway. Construction was slow, and the fort was yet incomplete when attacked in 1755 (Hand, 22). It was nonetheless a more substantial construction than Fort Lawrence, given its earthworks. In 1753, Le Loutre and the Acadians began to build a Cathedral just outside the fort.

    At about the same time, two satellite forts, Fort Gaspareaux and Fort Menagoueche, were established to shore up the French defenses of Acadia. For four years, Fort Beauséjour and Fort Lawrence kept watch across the frontier between French and British territory on the Isthmus of Chignecto until the outbreak of the French and Indian War.

    Fort Beauséjour was among the northernmost and easternmost of a series of French forts in North America built along the Mississippi and Ohio valleys and in the Great Lakes to contain British expansion into French territory. These defensive works are believed to have contributed to the "claustrophobic feeling"[citation needed] that European-American colonists on the eastern seaboard complained of in being prevented westward expansion from the Appalachian Mountains. Their inability to expand westward contributed to British tensions and helped lead to the French and Indian War. The result was the downfall of France's colonial ambitions in North America.

    On June 4, 1755 the British conquest of all of France's North American territory began when a force of British regulars and New England militia attacked Fort Beauséjour from Fort Lawrence under command of Lt. Col. Robert Monckton. Again, Le Loutre was joined in resisting the British by Acadian militia leader Joseph Broussard. The British-led force took control of Fort Beauséjour by June 16, 1755, after which they changed its name to Fort Cumberland. French priest Jean-Louis Le Loutre's last act of defiance was to burn the local Cathedral so that it would not fall into the hands of the British. For leading the resistance against the British occupation of Acadia, he was captured and imprisoned for eight years.
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     Photo Galleries
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    Vacation 2010: Nootz in NB
    Tue, Jun 29th, 2010
    posted by nootz
    16 pictures
    Click to view gallery
    July 4th stop
    Mon, Jul 5th, 2010
    posted by Jonnie B
    10 pictures

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     Web Links
    Fort Beausejour Wiki
    Fort Beausejour NHS

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     Moderator Rating
    The moderator rating is a neutral rating of the content quality, photography, and coolness of this location.

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    This location's validation is current. It was last validated by Opheliaism on 7/5/2010 1:41 AM.

     Latest Changes
  • on Jul 5 10 at 1:41, Opheliaism validated this location
  • on Jul 5 10 at 0:35, Jonnie B added some pictures to a gallery
  • on Jul 5 10 at 0:27, Jonnie B updated gallery July 4th stop
  • on Jul 5 10 at 0:26, Jonnie B created a new gallery
  • on Jun 30 10 at 12:53, tribeachpunk validated this location
  • on Jun 30 10 at 1:43, Steed conditionally validated this location
  • on Jun 30 10 at 0:15, nootz made this location available
  • on Jun 30 10 at 0:15, nootz updated gallery picture Cannons
  • on Jun 30 10 at 0:14, nootz updated gallery picture Cannons
  • on Jun 30 10 at 0:12, nootz updated gallery picture Ruins
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