forums
new posts
donate
events
location db
db map
search
members
faq
terms of service
privacy policy
register
login




UER Forum > UE Encyclopedia > Hantavirus (Viewed 4068 times)
Entry: Hantavirus
originally posted by Jonsered

[last edit 10/27/2005 10:25 PM by Jonsered - edited 1 times]

Technically Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), this is a virus contracted by humans due to specific types of contact with rodents. It was unknown until 1993, when a team of scientists diagnosed it in New Mexico. The hantavirus can be contracted in a number of ways: by handling dead, infected deer mouse carcasses; by breathing in mouse-urine-laden dust particles that contain the virus; or by inhaling dust from areas of accumulated deer mouse droppings. Common locations for being exposed to these conditions include mines and abandoned buildings.

Since it is virtually impossible to identify one type of mouse refuse from another, is is important to take proper precautions against contracting this virus, such as use of a high quality respirator, and gloves. Although it is known to occur naturally across most of North and South America, the 30-50 cases reported each year are concentrated in the Four Corners area of the western United States.

Untreated cases of HPS are almost always fatal. However, if you can get yourself treated for HPS before the disease progresses to acute respiratory distress, then your chances of surviving are greatly increased. Thanks to improved methods of diagnosis, care, and a greater HPS awareness within the medical community, the mortality rate of HPS has rapidly decreased over the past few years.

HPS is a viral infection; if a severe viral infection cannot be prevented by a vaccine, then it can only be controlled with "aggressive supportive care", where the patient is provided continued medical assistance and (hopefully) kept alive long enough for their body to develop antibody resistance.

In the case of HPS, the patient will usually receive antibiotics initially, until the diagnosis of HPS is certain. Once HPS is proven, the patient will be transferred to an intensive-care unit, where they are carefully monitored for fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and blood pressure.

During the onset of the cardiopulmonary phase, the patient may need to be hooked up to a ventilator, which will hopefully keep them breathing. In some occasions, antiviral medication (such as Ribavirin and Bradycor) will be administered intravenously, although it hasn't shown much promise when fighting HPS. Interestingly enough, Ribavirin does appear to be an effective weapon against HFRS.

For more information: http://www.hantavirus.net/
Modify this entry  | Remove this entry
UER Forum > UE Encyclopedia > Hantavirus (Viewed 4068 times)


Add a poll to this thread



This thread is in a public category, and can't be made private.



All content and images copyright 2002-2017 UER.CA and respective creators. Graphical Design by Crossfire.
To contact webmaster, or click to email with problems or other questions about this site: UER CONTACT
View Terms of Service | View Privacy Policy | Server colocation provided by Beanfield
This page was generated for you in 62 milliseconds. Since June 23, 2002, a total of 525536614 pages have been generated.